head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2018, vol. 24, issue1
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018241.1878
Published online: 17 January 2018

Review article

J of IMAB. 2018 Jan-Mar;24(1):1878-1882
Zornitsa Valcheva1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Hristina Arnautska1, Mariana Dimova2ORCID logo, Gergana Ivanova1, Iliyana Atanasova1,
1) Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University - Varna, Bulgaria,
2) Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University - Sofia, Bulgaria.

Introduction: The influence of mouth breathing on the development of the dentition and dento-facial deformities is a problem causes concerns among the medical specialists. Mouth breathing has a major impact on the development of the maxillo-facial region, occlusion and muscle tonus.
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between etiological factors, pathogenesis and disturbances in mastication in mouth breathing patients.
Material and methods:  For this article, data is obtained from 43 medical, literary sources.
Results: Literature review demonstrated that   mouth breathing habit affects mostly children aged 7 - 12 years. In the vast majority of studies, the authors established a relation between mouth breathing and the development of maxillo-facial region and occlusion.  The malocclusions described include a distal occlusion, anterior open bite, increase overjet, posterior crossbite, crowding and average incisors inclination disturbances. These clinical conditions become more complicated in the late-mixed and permanent dentition if mouth breathing continues to persist.
The habitual mouth breathing is a great medical problem nowadays. An increasing numbers of patients with this condition although the development of technology for early diagnostic is embarrassing. This condition is strongly related with different malocclusions such as anterior open bite, overjet, distal occlusion, underdeveloped and narrow upper jaw, increased anterior facial height.

Keywords: mouth breathing, dentition development, dentition formation,

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Please cite this article in PubMed Style or AMA (American Medical Association) Style:
Valcheva Z, Arnautska H, Dimova M, Ivanova G, Atanasova I. The role of mouth breathing on dentition development and formation. J of IMAB. 2018 Jan-Mar;24(1):1878-1882.
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018241.1878

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Zornitsa Valcheva, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Varna; 84, Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., 9000 Varna, Bulgaria; E-mail: zornica.vulcheva@gmail.com

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Received: 27 June 2017
Published online: 17 January 2018

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