head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2020, vol. 26, issue4
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2020264.3481
Published online: 11 December 2020

Original article

J of IMAB. 2020 Oct-Dec;26(4):3481-3484
Anna Nenova-Nogalcheva1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Desislava Konstantinova2ORCID logo, Petia Pechalova3ORCID logo,
1) Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University - Varna, Bulgaria
2) Department of Dental Materials Science and Propedeutics of Prosthetic Dental Medicine, Medical University - Varna, Bulgaria
3) Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University - Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Dentists usually recommend at least two minutes of brushing two times per day as a minimum.
The purpose of this study is to establish the frequency of teeth brushing for patients with terminal stage of chronic kidney disease and for healthy controls. 
Materials and methods: 140 patients from Northeastern Bulgaria took informed participation, volunteering, in this study. They are separated into two groups – 70 people were diagnosed with terminal stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chroniohemodialysis at different stages of disease duration and 70 healthy controls. Anamnestic and socio-demographic data were collected, about gender, age and frequency of teeth brushing. The result was statistically processed using the IBM SPSS Statistics software, Version 20.
Results: Data show that there is a statistically significant difference (χ2 = 79,031, p=0,000 ) between the patients of the groups studied. As we have expected, the patients from the control group brush their teeth more often (between 2 and 3 times per day).
The Mann-Whitney test with Bonferroni correction shows that the CKD patients brush their teeth daily less than the people from the control group. Statistically significant difference (U = 1831,000, р = 0,004) is established between the two group participants.
Conclusion: The frequency of teeth brushing as a main factor for maintaining good personal oral hygiene is higher for the healthy controls in comparison to the patients under the study, who belong to the group of people with CKD. We need more studies in order to understand better how could the frequency of teeth brushing influence the limitation of oral problems for people with kidney diseases on chroniodialysis.

Keywords: oral hygiene, teeth brushing, patients with CKD, chroniodiaysis,

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Please cite this article as: Nenova-Nogalcheva A, Konstantinova D, Pechalova P. Study on the frequency of teeth brushing for patients with terminal stage of chronic kidney disease and being on chroniodialysis, and healthy controls. J of IMAB. 2020 Oct-Dec;26(4):3481-3484. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2020264.3481

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Anna Nenova – Nogalcheva, Department of Oral Surgery, Medical University – Varna; 84, Tsar Osvoboditel str., Varna, Bulgaria; E-mail: anenova@yahoo.com

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Received: 30 January 2020
Published online: 11 December 2020

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