back to 2012, vol. 18, b. 3
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2012, vol. 18, book 3;
Subject Collection: Medicine
Page: 339-341
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2012183.339
Published online: 26 November 2012

J of IMAB. 2012; 18(3):339-341
Minko Minkov1, Maria Vankova1, Radoslav Minkov2, Stefaniya Terzieva1, Toni Dimitrov3, Iskren Velikov1
1) Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Medical University - Varna, Bulgaria
2) SBAGAL "Prof. d-r D. Stamatov" - Varna, Bulgaria
3) MBAL "Saint Anna" Hospital – Varna, Bulgaria.

A hemidiaphragmatic paresis is one of the most frequently observed complications following the supraclavicular anesthesia of the brachial plexus with interscalene approach. In patients, crucially dependant on adequate diaphragmatic function, hemidiaphragmatic paresis may provoke acute respiratory disturbances.
The aim of this study was to analyze the anatomical features the brachial plexus with regard of the anesthesia of specific areas of the shoulder and the upper limb.
A dissection of the cervical and the brachial plexuses was done in human cadavers. We established that in some cases the phrenic nerve and the accessory phrenic nerve arise from the superior trunk of the brachial plexus. This type of anatomical arrangement significantly increases the risk of hemidiaphragmatic paresis during supraclavicular anesthesia with interscalene approach because the anesthetic tends to invade the supraclavicular space.

Key words: phrenic nerve, accessory phrenic nerve, brachial plexus, cervical plexus.

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Please cite this article as: Minkov M, Vankova M, Minkov R, Terzieva St, Dimitrov T, Velikov I. Complications during a supraclavicular anesthesia of the brachial plexus with interscalene approach. J of IMAB. 2012; 18(3):339-341. doi: 10.5272/jimab.2012183.339.

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Accepted for publication: 31 May 2012
Issue published online: 26 November 2012

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