Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2016, vol. 22, issue 3
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
Pages: 1202-1211
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2016223.1202
Published online: 04 July 2016

J of IMAB 2016 Jul-Sep;22(3):1202-1211
Elitsa G. Deliverska Corresponding Autor, Milena Petkova.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Faculty of Dental medicine, Medical University –Sofia, Bulgaria.

Third molar surgery is the most common procedure performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons worldwide. This article addresses the incidence of specific complications and, where possible, offers a preventive or management strategy. Complications, such as pain, dry socket, swelling, paresthesia of the lingual or inferior alveolar nerve, bleeding, and infection are most common. Factors thought to influence the incidence of complications after third molar removal include age, gender, medical history, oral contraceptives, presence of pericoronitis, poor oral hygiene, smoking, type of impaction, relationship of third molar to the inferior alveolar nerve, surgical time, surgical technique, surgeon experience, use of perioperative antibiotics, use of topical antiseptics, use of intra-socket medications, and anaesthetic technique.
For the general dental practitioner, as well as the oral and maxillofacial surgeon, it is important to be familiar with all the possible complications after this procedure. This improves patient education and leads to prevention, early recognition and management.

Key words: third molar surgery, complication, mandible, maxilla,

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Please cite this article in PubMed Style or AMA (American Medical Association) Style:
Deliverska EG, Petkova M. Complications after extraction of impacted third molars- literature review. J of IMAB. 2016 Jul-Sep;22(3):1202-1211. DOI:

Correspondence to: Assoc. Prof. Elitsa Georgieva Deliverska, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University- Sofia; 1, St. Georgi Sofiiski str., 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria; E-mail:

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Received: 04 May 2016
Published online: 04 July 2016

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