head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2018, vol. 24, issue3
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018243.2096
Published online: 16 July 2018

Original article

J of IMAB. 2018 Jul-Sep;24(3):2096-2099
Tanya Nihtyanova1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Maria Kukleva1, Tsonka Miteva-Katrandzhieva2ORCID logo, Svetla Petrova1, Ani Belcheva-Krivorova1ORCID logo,
1) Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: Dental erosion is defined as irreversible loss of hard dental tissues as a result of the action of endogenous and exogenous acids of non-bacterial origin. Its severity and extend   depends on different behavioral factors.
Aim: This study examined the relationship between oral hygiene habits and the presence of dental erosion in children aged 3 to 5 and 11 to 12 years of age.
Material and methods: The study included 429 children aged 3 to 5 years and 487 children aged 11 to 12 years. The presence of erosive changes was detected by an intraoral examination and oral hygiene habits were investigated by a direct individual questionnaire. The influence of oral hygiene habits on the presence of dental erosion was tested using the chi-square test. The level of significance was set at 5%.
Results: Frequency of oral hygiene procedures and tooth brushing immediately after consumption of erosive foods or beverages were considered as significant risk factors for erosion occurrence in primary teeth. Tooth brushing more than twice a day had a significant impact on the presence of dental erosion in permanent teeth as well.
Oral hygiene habits are related to the development of erosive changes and the frequency and timing recommendations must be tailored to the risk assessment for erosive lesions.

Keywords: dental erosion, oral hygiene habits, childhood,

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Please cite this article as: Nihtyanova T, Kukleva M, Miteva-Katrandzhieva T, Petrova S, Belcheva-Krivorova A. Study of the Relationship between Oral-hygiene Habits and the Presence of Dental Erosion in Preschool and School Children. J of IMAB. 2018 Jul-Sep;24(3):2096-2099.
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018243.2096

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Tanya Nihtyanova, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv; 3, Hristo Botev Str., 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria; E-mail: drnihtianova@gmail.com,

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Received: 30 April 2018
Published online: 16 July 2018

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