head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2018, vol. 24, issue4
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018244.2241
Published online: 22 November 2018

Original article

J of IMAB. 2018 Oct-Dec;24(4):2241-2244
Natalia Shtereva-Nikolova1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Radka Goranova-Spasova1ORCID logo, Emilia Naseva2ORCID logo, Neli Gradinarova1ORCID logo, Magdalena Aleksandrova1ORCID logo,
1) Department of Medical Ethics and Law, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University- Sofia, Bulgaria
2) Department of Economy of Healthcare, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Healthcare professionals are expected to be committed to the profession and patients, competent, high-performing and always healthy. But being a physician and a healthcare specialist is also a great challenge.
The purpose of this article is to investigate physicians’ and healthcare specialists’ behavior towards their own health.
Methodology - a direct and anonymous survey was carried out with a specially designed questionnaire. The medical and social significance of physicians’ and healthcare specialists’ behaviour had been investigated. The study was conducted in June / July 2018 among 109 workers (46 physicians and 63 healthcare professionals).
Results and Discussion - 31.2% of respondents said they attended at least once their general practitioner and 27.5% - not at all for the last year. 51.4% reported that they had been sick with differences between healthcare specialists and physicians. We found out that only 21.1% had a sickness absence and there was no statistically significant gender difference. From the analysis of the outcomes, we observed that 15.2% of physicians confirm the sick leave due to illness, and about a quarter of the healthcare specialists answered similarly.
Conclusion: From the study of the problem, we founded that healthcare workers ignore their physical, emotional and social condition. It is important to encourage them to take time to rest, to cure their illnesses and, last but not least, to be an example for other employees and patients.

Keywords: health behaviour, physicians, healthcare specialists, own health,

pdf - Download FULL TEXT /PDF 673 KB/
Please cite this article as: Shtereva-Nikolova N, Goranova-Spasova R, Naseva E, Gradinarova N, Aleksandrova M. Physicians’ and Healthcare Specialists’ Behavior Towards Their Own Health. J of IMAB. 2018 Oct-Dec;24(4):2241-2244. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018244.2241

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Assoc. Prof. Dr Natalia Shtereva-Nikolova, DDS, PhD; Department of Medical Ethics and Law, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University – Sofia; 8, Bialo more Str., Fl. 5., Sofia 1527, Bulgaria; E-mail: dr_shtereva@abv.bg

1. Hervas H. General practitioner – the guard at the entrance of the system. J Medical practice. No1. 2001. [in Bulgarian]
2. NHIF. My rights and obligations as a health insured person. [in Bulgarian] [Internet]
3. State Gazette,  issue 92 of 22.11.2016. Оrdinance № 8 from 16/11/03 [in Bulgarian]
4. Voltmer E, Frank E, Spahn C. Personal Health Practices and Patient Counseling of German Physicians in Private Practice. ISRN Epidemiology. Volume 2013, Article ID 176020. [Crossref]
5.  Uallachain GN, Attitudes towards self-health care: A survey of GP trainers. Ir Med J 2007; 100:489-491
6. Perry L, Gallagher R, Duffield Ch. The health and health behaviours of Australian metropolitan nurses: an exploratory study. BMC Nursing. 015; 14:45. [Crossref]
7. Cullati S, Cheval B, Schmidt RE, Agoritsas T, Chopard P, Courvoisier DS. Self-Rated Health and Sick Leave among Nurses and Physicians: The Role of Regret and Coping Strategies in Difficult Care-Related Situations. Front Psychol. 2017 Apr 20;8:623. [PubMed] [Crossref]
8. Rosvold EO, Bjertness E. Physicians who do not take sick leave: hazardous heroes? Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2001 Jan;29(1):71–75. [Crossref]
9. Landry M, Miller C. Presenteeism: are we hurting the patients we are trying to help? J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Nov;25(11):1142-3. [PubMed] [Crossref]
10. National Statistical Institute. [Healthcare 2017.] pp.8-9 [in Bulgarian] [Internet]
11. National program for prevention of chronic and noncommunicable diseases, 2014-2020 [in Bulgarian] [Internet]
12. WHO. Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014. “Attaining the nine global noncommunicable diseases targets; a shared responsibility“. World Health Organization. 2014. pp.298. [Internet]
13. Chen JY, Tse EY, Lam TP, Li DK, Chao DV, Kwan CW. Doctors' personal health care choices: a cross-sectional survey in a mixed public/private setting. BMC Public Health. 2008; 8:183. [PubMed] [CrossRef].

Received: 18 September 2018
Published online: 22 November 2018

back to Online Journal