head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2018, vol. 24, issue4
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018244.2276
Published online: 12 December 2018

Original article

J of IMAB. 2018 Oct-Dec;24(4):2276-2280
Gabriela Tsankova1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Eliyana Ivanova2ORCID logo, Rumen Konstantinov2, Tatina Todorova1ORCID logo, Neli Ermenlieva1ORCID logo,
1) Department of Clinical and Ppreclinical sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Varna, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Hygiene and epidemiology, Faculty of Public health, Medical University of Varna, Bulgaria.

Water contaminated by human and animal excreta may contain a range of pathogenic microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria and protozoa. During the bathing season, water samples are taken and analyzed for Escherichia coli and intestinal enterococci .
The aim of these study is to assess the quality of bathing waters along Black Sea Coast in Varna Region from 2012 to 2016.
Materials and Methods: The information about microbiological monitoring of coastal bathing waters in Region Varna is received from Regional Health Inspection – Varna.
Results and discussion: From May 2012 to August 2016, 1117 water samples were collected and analyzed in the Laboratory of Sanitary Microbiology of Regional Health Inspection – Varna. In the region of Varna, there is a tendency to increase the number of bathing areas with excellent water quality.
In Avren Municipality, bathing water was classified as good and excellent.
In  Shkorpilovtsi – Tsentralen plazh, the bathing water was excellent quality. In Byala Municipality there was a deterioration in the quality of the seawater. 
During 2012-2016 two of these 17 sites – Riviera, located in resort Golden Sands  and St. Elias located in St. St. Konstantin and Elena had excellent bathing water quality.
The water indicators of Ofitserski plazh- Varna and Tsentralen plazh, Zlatni pyasatsi - PSVO were poor, while the indicators of Varna -Yuzhen plazh were satisfying or good.
Conclusion: According to the European Environment Agency, the development and improvement of community water supply and collecting system will have a positive effect on the quality of bathing water.

Keywords: Black Sea Coast, water-born infections, bathing water quality, most probable number,

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Please cite this article as: Tsankova G, Ivanova E, Konstantinov R, Todorova T, Ermenlieva N. Microbiological analysis and assessment of coastal bathing waters in Region Varna. J of IMAB. 2018 Oct-Dec;24(4):2276-2280. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018244.2276

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Gabriela Staneva Tsankova, Department of Preclinical and Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University Varna; 3. Bregalniza Sir., 9002 Varna, Bulgaria; E-mail: gabriela_sc@abv.bg

1. Microbiological Water Quality Guidelines for Marine and Freshwater Recreational Areas. 2002. Part I; p. 17. [Internet]
2. Ordinance No. 5 for the quality management of bathing water. State Gaz.  Bulgaria, of 10 June 2008;53.
3. Directive 2006/7/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 February 2006 concerning the management of bathing water quality and repealing Directive 76/160/EEC. Published: 2006-02-15. [Internet].

Received: 20 June 2018
Published online: 12 December 2018

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