head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2018, vol. 24, issue4
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018244.2281
Published online: 13 December 2018

Review article

J of IMAB. 2018 Oct-Dec;24(4):2281-2284
Dimitar B. Marinov1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Darina N. Hristova2ORCID logo, Teodora T. Dimitrova1ORCID logo,
1) Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Varna, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Preclinical and Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Varna, Bulgaria.

AIS is a very common condition amongst adolescents in Bulgaria, and it has no effective prophylaxis, because of its unknown etiology. Few factors possibly play a role in the etiopathogenesis, one of which is the lifestyle, and more specifically the levels of some nutrients, and the anthropometrics. These aspects can be described as parts of the nutritional status of the patients with AIS. Numerous studies find a high incidence of vit. D deficiency amongst AIS patients(75-97%). Significantly higher compared to control groups. Few studies also find a negative correlation between the progression of the disease and bone density, and calcium levels respectively. Majority of the studies show that, when compared with a control population, scoliotic patients had a significantly lower mean body weight, lower BMI, lower fat and lean mass. The low lean body mass is suggested by some studies as the main contributor. One recent cohort study shows that the low anthropometrical indicators appear first, suggesting their possible role in the etiopathogenesis.

Keywords: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, anthropometrics, vitamin-D deficiency, low body mass,

pdf - Download FULL TEXT /PDF 497 KB/
Please cite this article as: Marinov DB, Hristova DN, Dimitrova TT. Aspects of the nutritional status of children with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Literature review. J of IMAB. 2018 Oct-Dec;24(4):2281-2284. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2018244.2281

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Dimitar Borisov Marinov, Medical University – Varna; 55, Marin Drinov str., Varna, Bulgaria; E-mail: mitak_1992@abv.bg

1. Clark EM, Tobias JH, Fairbank J. The Impact of Small Spinal Curves in Adolescents Who Have Not Presented to Secondary Care: A Population-Based Cohort Study. Spine. 2016 May 15;41(10):E611-E617. [Crossref]
2. Balioglu MB, Aydin C, Kargin D, Albayrak A, Atici Y, Tas SK, et al. Vitamin-D measurement in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2017 Jan;26(1):48-52. [PubMed] [Crossref]
3. Batista R, Martins DE, Hayashi Li F, Lazaretti-Castro M, Puerta EB, Wajchenberg M. Association between vitamin D serum levels and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis. 2014; 9(Suppl. 1):O45. [Crossref ]
4. Mayes T, Anadio JM, Sturm PF. Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Pediatric Patients with Scoliosis Preparing for Spinal Surgery. Spine Deform. 2017 Nov;5(6):369-373.[PubMed] [Crossref]
5.Silva RTE, Fernandes RJR, Ono AHA, Marcon RM, Cristante AF, Barros TEP Filho. Role of different hormones in the pathogenesis and severity of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Acta Ortop Bras. 2017 Jan-Feb;25(1):15-17. [PubMed] [Crossref]
6. Lips P. Interaction between vitamin D and calcium. Scand J Clin Lab Invest Suppl. 2012;243:60-4. [PubMed] [Crossref
7. Sun X, Wu T, Liu Z, Zhu Z, Qian B, Zhu F, et al. Osteopenia predicts curve progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in girls treated with brace treatment. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jun;33(4):366-71 [PubMed] [Crossref]
8. Lee WT, Cheng JC, Cheung CS, Guo X. Inadequate calcium intake is a significant determinant on generalised osteopenia in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2003 Nov;32(6):568-72. [PubMed]
9. Lee WT, Cheung CS, Tse YK, Guo X, Qin L, Ho SC, et al. Generalized low bone mass of girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is related to inadequate calcium intake and weight bearing physical activity in peripubertal period. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Sep;16(9):1024-35. [PubMed] [Crossref]
10. Chlebna-Sokół D, Błaszczyk A, Trafalska E, Grzybowski A. [Bone mineralization in children with skeletal system abnormalities in relation to dietary intake of some nutrients.] [in Polish] Przegl Lek. 2003; 60(Suppl.6):60-4. [PubMed]
11. Grivas TB, Burwell RG, Mihas C, Vasiliadis ES, Triandaffylopoulos G, Kaspiris A. Relatively lower body mass index is associated with an excess of severe truncal asymmetry in healthy adolescents. Do body fat, leptin, hypothalamus and sympathetic nervous system influence truncal growth asymmetry? Scoliosis. 2009 Jun 40;4:13. [PubMed] [Crossref]
12. Zeng Y, Dang Y, Yang Y, Sun N, Wang T, Li H, et al. A Case-Control Study of Body Composition, Prevalence, and Curve Severity of the Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in the East Part of China. Spine Deform. 2017 Nov;5(6):374-380. [PubMed] [Crossref]
13. Durmala J, Sosnowska M, Sosnowski M. Nutritional status in idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis. 2012; 7(Suppl 1):O22. [PMC] [Crossref]
14. Serbescu C, Ianc D, Straciuc O, Carp G, Courteix D. Epidemiological study of scoliosis of Romanian school children. Science&Sports. 22 (2007), 307-308. [Crossref]
15. Barrios C, Cortes S, Perez-Encinas C, Escriva MD, Benet I, Burgos J, et al. Anthropometry and body composition profile of girls with nonsurgically treated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Aug 15;36(18):1470-7. [PubMed] [Crossref]
16. Ramírez M, Martínez-Llorens J, Sanchez JF, Bagó J, Molina A, Gea J, et al. Body composition in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Eur Spine J. 2013 Feb;22(2):324-9.  [PubMed] [Crossref]
17. Matusik E, Durmala J, Matusik P. Association of Body Composition with Curve Severity in Children and Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis (IS). Nutrients. 2016 Jan 28;8(2):71. [PubMed] [Crossref]
18. Clark EM, Taylor HJ, Harding I, Hutchinson J, Nelson I, Deanfield JE, et al. Association between components of body composition and scoliosis: a prospective cohort study reporting differences identifiable before the onset of scoliosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2014 Aug;29(8):1729-36. [PubMed] [Crossref.

Received: 14 June 2018
Published online: 13 December 2018

back to Online Journal