head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2019, vol. 25, issue3
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2019253.2599
Published online: 08 July 2019

Review article

J of IMAB. 2019 Jul-Sep;25(3):2599-2602;
Elena Firkova1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Maria Bouka2ORCID logo,
1) Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv, Bulgaria
2) Student in Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF) is a method of measuring blood flow in tissues. Periodontal tissues in health and disease, as well as peri-implant mucosa, have microcirculation which can be easily monitored by LDF. So LDF can be used as an additional diagnostic tool for evaluation of gingival health or inflammatory diseases. The changes in blood flow can provide additional data for detailed and personalized treatment approaches for patients with periodontitis, implant placement procedures and mucogingival surgeries. This review is focused on the working principles and application of LDF in periodontal practice, the advantages, disadvantages and its limitations.

Keywords: laser, dopler, flowmetry, periodontal health, periodontitis,

pdf - Download FULL TEXT /PDF 492 KB/
Please cite this article as: Firkova E, Bouka M. Laser Doppler Flowmetry in the Evaluation of Periodontal Health and Disease. J of IMAB. 2019 Jul-Sep;25(3):2599-2602. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2019253.2599

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Elena Firkova, Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University Plovdiv; 3, Hristo Botev Blvd., Plovdiv, Bulgaria; E-mail: elenafirkova@yahoo.com

1. Micheels J, Alsbjorn B, Sorensen B. Laser dopplerflowmetry. A new non-invasive measurement of microcirculation in intensive care? Resuscitation. 1984 May;12(1):31-9. [PubMed] [Crossref]
2. Vinayakrishnan R, Varghese B, van Leeuwen T, Steenbergen W. Review of the methodological developments in laser Doppler flowmetry. Lasers Med Sci 2009;24:269-283. [PubMed]   [Crossref]
3. Stefanova V, Manchorova N, Georgieva D, Sapundgiev A, Nikova Y, Simeonov G, et al. A laser Doppler flowmetry for measuring the pulp blood perfusion in teeth with postoperative sensitivity - a case report. J IMAB 2016 Oct-Dec;22(4):1383-1384. [Crossref]
4. Vasovic M, Jovanovic L, Djordjevic A. Bone quality assessment of dental implant recipient sites. Ser J Clin Res. 2015;16(4):1-5. [Crossref]
5. Stefanova V, Tsanova S, Manchorova N, Manolova M. Laser Doppler assessment of pulp blood flow in young individuals’ vital teeth. Folia Medica, 2015; 57(Suppl 1):49-50.
6. Orekhova LY, Barmasheva AA. Doppler flowmetry as a tool of predictive, preventive and personalised dentistry. EPMA J. 2013 Aug;4(1):21. [PubMed]   [Crossref]
7. Verdonck HWD, Meijer GJ, Kessler P, Nieman FH, de Baat C, Stoelinga PJW. Assessment of bone vascularity in the anterior mandible using laser Doppler flowmetry. Clin Oral Impl Res 2009 Feb;20(2):140-4. [PubMed]   [Crossref]
8. Keremi B, Csempesz F, Vag J, Gyorfi A, Fazekas A. [Blood flow in marginal gingiva as measured with laser Doppler flowmetry]. [in Hungarian] Fogorv Sz. 2000 Jun;93(6):163-8. [PubMed]
9. Hoke JA, Burkes EJ, White JT, Duffy MB, Klitzman B. Blood-flow mapping of oral tissues by laser Doppler flowmetry. Int J Oral MaxillofacSurg. 1994 Oct;23(5):312-5. [PubMed]
10. Berglundh T, Lindhe J, Johnsson K, Ericssson I. the topography of the vascular systems in the periodontal and peri-implant tissues in dog. J Clin Periodontol. 1994 Mar;21(3):189-93. [PubMed]
11. Page RC, Schroeder HE. Pathogenesis of inflammatory periodontal disease. A summary of current work. Lab Invest. 1976 Mar;34(3):235-249. [PubMed]
12. Gleissner C, Kempski O, Peylo S, Glatxel JH, Willershausen B. Local gingival blood flow at healthy and inflamed sites mesued by laser Doppler flowmetry. J Periodontol. 2006 Oct;77(10):1762-71. [PubMed] [Crossref]
13. Kerdvongbundit V, Vongsavan N, Soo-Ampon S, Hasegawa A. Microcirculation and micromorphology of healthy and inflamed gingivae. Odontology. 2003 Sep;91(1):19-25. [PubMed]   [Crossref]
14. Kouadio AA, Jordana F, Koffi JN, Le Bars P, Soueidan A. The use of laser Doppler flowmetry to evaluate oral soft tissue blood flow in humans: A review. Archives of Oral Biology. 2018 Feb;86:58-71. [PubMed] [Crossref]
15. Retzepi M, Tonetti M, Donos N. comparison of gingival blood flow during healing of simplified papilla preservation and modified Widman flap surgery: a clinical trial using laser Doppler flowmetry. J ClinPeriodontol 2007 Oct;34(10):903-11. [PubMed] [Crossref]
16. Donos N., D’Aiuto F, Retzepi M, Tonetti M. Evaluation of gingival blood flow by the use of laser Doppler flowmetry following periodontal surgery: a pilot study. J Periodontol Res 2005;40(2):129-137.
17. Eustachio RR, Ferreira R, Brondino CMN, Damante CA, De Rezende MLR, Sant’ana ACP et al. Clinical parameters, histological analysis, and laser Doppler flowmetry of different subepithelial connective tissue grafts. J Indian SocPeriodontol. 2018 Jul-Aug;22(4):348-352. [PubMed]
18. Verdonck HWD, Meijer GJ, Kessler P, Nieman FH, de Baat C, Stoelinga PJ. Assessment of bone vascularity in the anterior mandible using laser Doppler flowmetry. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2009; 20(2):140-144. [PubMed]   [Crossref]
19. Todea C, Canjau S, Miron M, Vitez B, Noditi G. Laser Doppler flowmetry evaluation of the microcirculation in dentistry. October 20016.
20. Perry DA, McDowell, Goodis H. Gingival Microcirculation Response to Tooth Brushing Measured by Laser Doppler Flowmetry. J Periodontol.1997; 68(10):990-995. [PubMed] [Crossref]
21. Develioglu H., Kesim., Tuncel A. evaluation of the marginal gingival health using laser Doppler flowmetry. Braz Dent J. 2006; 17: 219-22. [PubMed]
22. Baab DA, Oberg PA. The effect of cigarette smoking on gingival blood flow in humans. J ClinPeriodontol. 1987 Aug;14(7):418-24. [PubMed]
23. Grudianov AI, Kemulariia IV. Laser doppler estimation of the influence of tobacco-smoking on the blood microcirculation in the periodont at the patients with the different stages of periodontal diseases. Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2010; 89(6):10-4. [elibrary.ru].

Received: 08 February 2019
Published online: 08 July 2019

back to Online Journal