head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2019, vol. 25, issue4
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2019254.2733
Published online: 14 October 2019

Original article

J of IMAB. 2019 Oct-Dec;25(4):2733-2738;
Gergana Popova1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Latchezar Voynov2ORCID logo
1) Ophthalmology Department, UMHAT - Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
2) Clinic of Ophthalmology, Military Medical Academy - Sofia, Bulgaria.

Purpose: The aim of the study is to evaluate the keratometric and biometric data and the biometric dependencies as risk factors of absolute refractive error (AE) in IOL power calculation of monofocal lenses in cataract patients using immersion ultrasound biometry (US-BM) and third generation formulas - SRK-T, Holl-1, Hoff-Q.
Methods: We present a retrospective, case-control study. Two hundred and fifteen eyes of 158 patients with cataract are included that underwent uncomplicated phacoemulsification with implantation of monofocal IOL. Automated keratometry (Potec - 700), immersion ultrasound biometry (US-BM) and third generation formulas-SRK-T, Holladay-1, Hoffer-Q were used. Correlation analysis was performed between ocular keratometry and biometry values and the absolute error.
Results: The predicted postoperative refraction (SE) in 137 eyes (63.7%) was successfully achieved with AE ± 0.50D. On the second visit after phacoemulsification (1-st month), 133 eyes (61.9%) had uncorrected distant visual acuity UCDVA ≥ 0.8.In our study was found that the keratometry procedure (KER) and surgically-induced astigmatism (SIA) were not sources of refractive error. Groups with larger relative shares of AE> ± 0.50D are with cylinder value prior to phacoemulsification (befCylD) > -0.75D, longer axial lenght (AL > 26.00 mm), shallower anterior chamber (ACD < 2.6 mm), smaller anterior segment (ACD + LT) <6.6 mm), smaller ratio of the anterior segment to the axial length (ACD+ LT / AL < 0.30). A methodology for estimating the expected AE has been proposed.
The expected AE can be predicted via two preoperative factors: befCylD and the ratio of the anterior segment to the axial length (ACD + LT)/AL.

Keywords: IOL power calculation, Refractive Error, Cataract, Immersion ultrasound biometry,

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Please cite this article as: Popova G, Voynov L. Evaluation of the keratometric, biometric data and the biometric dependencies as risk factors of refractive error in IOL power calculation. J of IMAB. 2019 Oct-Dec;25(4):2733-2738. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2019254.2733

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Gergana Popova, Ophthalmology Department, University Medical Hospital of Active Treatment -Plovdiv, 234, Bulgaria blv., Plovdiv, Bulgaria; E-mail: gergana_popova@abv.bg

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Received: 31 January 2019
Published online: 14 October 2019

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