head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2021, vol. 27, issue1
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2021271.3543
Published online: 22 January 2021

Original article

J of IMAB. 2021 Jan-Mar;27(1):3543-3548
Meri Hristamyan1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Ralitsa Raycheva2ORCID logo, Petia Pechalova3ORCID logo, Veselka Hristamyan4ORCID logo, Yordanka Stoilova1ORCID logo,
1) Department of Epidemiology and DM, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University - Plovdiv, Bulgaria
2) Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University - Plovdiv, Bulgaria
3) Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University - Plovdiv, Bulgaria
4) Clinic of Maxillo-facial Surgery, UMHAT "St. George" - Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Purpose: To investigate patient diagnosed with BAONJ in order to identify the presence of risk factors.
Material/Methods: A prospective epidemiological study of 112 patients diagnosed with Bisphosphonate-associated Osteonecrosis of the jaw in 2016 and 2017 was conducted in the Clinic of maxillo-facial surgery of UMHAT "St. George", Plovdiv, Bulgaria, based on anamnesis, clinical examination, hospital documentation, and imaging studies. SPSS Statistics v.24 was used for statistical analysis, at a significance level p<0.05.
Results: Of the patients, 77.89% had a primary oncological diagnosis of breast or prostate cancer; the average duration of bisphosphonate therapy up to the time of the study is 4.5 years; the most common co-morbidities were hypertension (72.73%), anemia (40.00%) and diabetes (23.67%); 65.18% of patients smoke or are former smokers; the time till first oral complaints after initiation of BP treatment was usually 2 years (31.25%, n = 35) and 3 years (24.11%, n = 27) (p> 0.05).; the last dental manipulation before the onset of symptoms was tooth extraction (52.68%), followed by removable dentures (21.42%).
Conclusions: The investigation of identified in the literature risk factors with their occurrence in the studied population shows a correlation with the data of leading researchers.

Keywords: bisphosphonates, Osteonecrosis, risk factors, oncology, epidemiology,

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Please cite this article as: Hristamyan M, Raycheva R, Pechalova P, Hristamyan V, Stoilova Y. Risk Factors in Patients with Bisphosphonate - Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaws. J of IMAB. 2021 Jan-Mar;27(1):3543-3548. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2021271.3543

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Dr Meri Hristamyan, PhD, Department of Epidemiology and DM, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University – Plovdiv; 15A, Vasil Aprilov Str., Plovdiv, Bulgaria; E-mail: mary_hr@abv.bg

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Received: 05 December 2019
Published online: 22 January 2021

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