head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2022, vol. 28, issue2
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022282.4350
Published online: 09 May 2022

Original article
J of IMAB. 2022 Apr-Jun;28(2):4350-4355
Gergana Petrova1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Elena Merdzhanova1ORCID logo, Valentina Lalova1ORCID logo, Penka Angelova2ORCID logo, Nikolay Boyadjiev2ORCID logo,
1) Department of Nursing care, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Purpose: The present study aims to analyze eating habits and behavior in adolescents from different ethnic groups in the Municipality of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out with three different ethnic groups (Bulgarian, Turks, and Roma) in Plovdiv Region in Bulgaria. The study was conducted with a total of 185 middle or high school students. For the purposes of the study original semi-structured questionnaire was developed. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS Statistics v. 26 software (IBM Corp. Released 2019. Armonk, USA).
Results: More than half of the respondents eat breakfast in the morning, 107 (57.8%) sometimes eat breakfast, 52 (28.1%), and 26 (14.1%) never eat breakfast. Around 93% (50.3%) of children consume pasta daily, with the highest daily consumption among children of Turkish and Roma origin 21 (40.39%) Bulgarian boys and 14 (31.82%) Bulgarian girls consume pasta among Bulgarian children. More than half of the respondents, 105 (56.8%), consume fruits and vegetables daily. This trend persists among ethnic groups, but we have to note the fact that Roma boys at the age of 13 consume the least fresh fruits and vegetables compared to children from other ethnic groups.
Conclusions: More than half of the adolescents surveyed eat breakfast in the morning; Pasta products are consumed daily by half of the respondents, with the highest daily consumption among children of Turkish and Roma origin; Fruits and vegetables are consumed daily by more than half of the respondents.

Keywords: Adolescent seating habits, adolescent behavior, adolescents health, ethnic groups,

pdf - Download FULL TEXT /PDF 839 KB/
Please cite this article as: Petrova G, Merdzhanova E, Lalova V, Angelova P, Boyadjiev N. Eating habits and behavior in adolescents from different ethnic groups in the Municipality of Plovdiv, Bulgaria. J of IMAB. 2022 Jan-Mar;28(1):4350-4355. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022282.4350

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Assoc. Prof. Gergana Petrova, PhD, Department of Nursing care, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Plovdiv; 15 A, Vasil Aprilov, blvd., Plovdiv – 4002, Bulgaria; E-mail: Gergana.Petrova@mu-plovdiv.bg

1. Bakova D, Massaldjieva R, Kilova K, Janeva A, Dragusheva S, Mavrov M. Health nutrition in the Bulgarian community-contemporary approaches. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology. 2018. 19(3):1372–1377.
2. Liu Y, Zhou H, Wang S, Liao T, Zhang L, Yang D. [Relationship between nutritional status and breakfast behaviors of rural primary and middle school students in a minority area of a city in Guizhou Province in 2019] [in Chinese] Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2021 Jul;50(4):552-557. [PubMed]
3. Smetanina N, Albaviciute V, Babinska L, Karinauskiene K, Albertsson-Wikland K, Petrauskiene A, et al. Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7–17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania. BMC Public Health. 2015 Oct 1;15:1001. [PubMed]
4. Argyrides M, Anastasiades E, Alexiou E. Risk and Protective Factors of Disordered Eating in Adolescents Based on Gender and Body Mass Index. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Dec 10;17(24):9238. [PubMed]
5. Argyrides M, Kkeli N, Kendeou P. Validation of the factor structure of the Greek adaptation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3). Body Image. 2014 Jun;11(3):201-5. [PubMed]
6. Semerdzhieva M, Masaldzhieva R, Bakova D, Tilov B, Tornyova B, Vasileva-Zelyazkova R, et al. Risk attitudes for eating disorders in adolescents and young adults: an epidemiological study. 1st Ed. Medical University-Plovdiv. 2018. [in Bulgarian]
7. Boberova Z, Husarova S. What Role Does Body Image in Relationship between Level of Health Literacy and Symptoms of Eating Disorders in Adolescents. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Mar 27;18(7):3482 [PubMed]
8. Kosti RI, Kanellopoulou A, Notara V, Antonogeorgos G, Rojas-Gil AP, Kornilaki EN, et al. Household food spending, parental and childhood’s diet quality, in financial crisis: a cross-sectional study in Greece. Eur J Public Health. 2021 Oct 11;31(4):822-828. [PubMed]
9. Kanellopoulou A, Kosti RI, Notara V, Antonogeorgos G, Rojas-Gil AP, Kornilaki EN, et al. Dietary Patterns, Weight Perception and Obesity Status, among 10-12-Year-Old Children; an Epidemiological Study in Greece. Children (Basel). 2021 Jul 23;8(8):626. [PubMed]
10. Bohara SS, Thapa K, Bhatt LD, Dhami SS, Wagle S. Determinants of Junk Food Consumption Among Adolescents in Pokhara Valley, Nepal. Front Nutr. 2021 Apr 8;8:644650. [PubMed]
11. Davison J, Stewart-Knox B, Connolly P, Lloyd K, Dunne L, Bunting B. Exploring the association between mental wellbeing, health-related quality of life, family affluence and food choice in adolescents. Appetite. 2021 Mar 1;158:105020. [PubMed]
12. Cartanyà-Hueso À, González-Marrón A, Lidón-Moyano C, Garcia-Palomo E, Martín-Sánchez JC, Martínez-Sánchez JM. Association between Leisure Screen Time and Junk Food Intake in a Nationwide Representative Sample of Spanish Children (1-14 Years): A Cross-Sectional Study. Healthcare (Basel). 2021 Feb 18;9(2):228. [PubMed]
13. Tariq S, Tariq S, Tariq S, Rehman R. Relationship of BMI with Junk Food, sleep pattern, exam performance and awareness about its ill health effects in healthy teenagers. J Pak Med Assoc. 2021 Jan;71(1(A)):59-63. [PubMed]
14. Flieh SM, Miguel-Berges ML, Gonzalez-Gil EM, Gottrand F, Censi L, Widhalm K, et al. The Association between Portion Sizesfrom High-Energy-Dense Foods and Body Composition in European Adolescents: The HELENA Study. Nutrients. 2021 Mar 16;13(3):954. [PubMed]
15. Melkevik O, Torsheim T, Iannotti RJ, Wold B. Is spending time in screen- based sedentary behaviors associated with less physical activity: a cross national investigation. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010 May 21;7:46. [PubMed]
16. Brettschneider AK, Lage Barbosa C, Haftenberger M, Lehmann F, Mensink GB. Adherence to food-based dietary guidelines among adolescents in Germany according to socio-economic status and region: results from Eating Study as a KiGGS Module (EsKiMo) II. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Apr;24(6):1216-1228. [PubMed]
17. Mbogori T, Arthur TM. Perception of Body Weight Status Is Associated With the Health and Food Intake Behaviors of Adolescents in the United States. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2019 March 21;15(3):347-355. [PubMed]
18. Rageliene T. Do children favor snacks and dislike vegetables? Exploring children’s food preferences using drawing as a projective technique. A cross-cultural study. Appetite. 2021 Oct 1;165:105276. [PubMed]
19. Man CS, Hock LK, Ying CY, Cheong KC, Kuay LK, Huey TC, Baharudin A, Aziz NSA.Is fast-food consumption a problem among adolescents in Malaysia? An analysis of the National School-Based Nutrition Survey, 2012. J Health PopulNutr. 2021 July 16;40(1):31. [PubMed]
20. Rossi L, Ferrari M, Martone D, Benvenuti L, De Santis A. The Promotions of Sustainable Lunch Meals in School Feeding Programs: The Case of Italy. Nutrients. 2021 May 7;13(5):1571. [PubMed]
21. Popova T, Vasileva N, Terzieva A. [The need for health education in students about the benefits of health nutrition and the prevention of health risk]. [in Bulgarian]. Management and education. 2021; 17(5):169-173. [Internet]

Received: 10 December 2021
Published online: 09 May 2022

back to Online Journal