head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2022, vol. 28, issue3
Subject Area: Public Health
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022283.4456
Published online: 15 July 2022

Original article
J of IMAB. 2022 Jul-Sep;28(3):4456-4460
Gergana Petrova1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Elena Merdzhanova1ORCID logo, Valentina Lalova1ORCID logo, Penka Angelova2ORCID logo, Ralitsa Raycheva3ORCID logo, Nikolay Boyadjiev2ORCID logo,
1) Department of Nursing care, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
3) Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Purpose: The present study examines nutritional behavior as a risky health factor for adolescents from different ethnic groups in the Municipality of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out with three different ethnic groups (Bulgarian, Turks, and Roma) in Plovdiv Region in Bulgaria. The study was conducted with a total of 185 middle or high school students. For the purposes of the study original semi-structured questionnaire was developed. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS Statistics v. 26 software (IBM Corp. Released 2019. Armonk, USA).
Results: The daily consumption of meat and fish is highest among boys of Bulgarian origin 10 (19.23%). In the consumption of meat and fish 2-3 times a week, the leading place is occupied by the children of Roma origin. The results of the weekly consumption of milk and dairy products show that 74 (40%) of all respondents consume them every day. Approximately 1/4 of all respondents always add salt to food, and the same share are those who never do that.
Conclusion: The results obtained by us do not show large deviations in terms of recommendations for the consumption of meat and fish among the studied groups. Unfortunately, the recommendation made by experts for daily consumption of milk and dairy products is valid for less than half of the studied adolescents, which carries some risk because eating habits and eating behaviors formed in childhood and adolescence are preserved in the future in adulthood.

Keywords: nutritional behavior, risky health factor, adolescent's health, ethnic groups,

pdf - Download FULL TEXT /PDF 678 KB/
Please cite this article as: Petrova G, Merdzhanova E, Lalova V, Angelova P, Raycheva R, Boyadjiev N. Study of the nutritional behavior as a risky health factor of adolescents from different ethnic groups in the Municipality of Plovdiv, Bulgaria. J of IMAB. 2022 Jul-Sep;28(3):4456-4460. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022283.4456

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Assoc. Prof. Gergana Petrova, PhD, Department of Nursing care, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Plovdiv; 15A, Vasil Aprilov, blvd., Plovdiv 4002, Bulgaria; E-mail: gergana.petrova@mu-plovdiv.bg

1. Web-site: Ministry of Health, National Center for Public Health.
2 Ilieva N. Number of the Roma Ethnic Group in Bulgaria from the Liberation (1878) to the beginning of the XXI Century According to the Reckoning. Part I. BAS. Problems of Geography. 2012; 3-4:61-79.
3. Rathi N, Riddell L, Worsley A. "Do you think adolescents' food intake is satisfactory?" - Views of Indian parents and teachers. Appetite. 2020 October 1;153:104740. [PubMed]
4. Peneva P. The athletics lesson in nature - a factor for increasing the physical capacity of ten-year-old students. [in Bulgarian] Scientific works of the University of Ruse 2008; 47(9):245-9. [Internet]
5. Roos B, Roos N, Ara G, Ahmed T, Mamun AA, Sneddon AA et al. Linkages of agroecosystems producing farmed seafood on food security, nutritional status and adolescent health in Bangladesh. Matern Child Nutr. 2020 Dec;16 Suppl 3(Suppl 3):e13017. [PubMed]
6. Hu XF, Chan HM. Seafood Consumption and Its Contribution to Nutrients Intake among Canadians in 2004 and 2015. Nutrients. 2020 Dec 29;13(1):77. [PubMed]
7. Man CS, Hock LK, Ying CY, Cheong KC, Kuay LK, Huey TC, et al. Is fast-food consumption a problem among adolescents in Malaysia? An analysis of the National School-Based Nutrition Survey, 2012. J Health Popul Nutr. 2021 July 16;40(1):31. [PubMed]
8. Kang K, Sotunde OF, Weiler HA. Effects of Milk and Milk-Product Consumption on Growth among Children and Adolescents Aged 6-18 Years: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Adv Nutr. 2019 Mar 1;10(2):250-261. [PubMed]
9. Popova T, Vasileva N, Terzieva A. The need for health education in students about the benefits of health nutrition and the prevention of health risk. [in Bulgarian] Management and education. 2021; 17(5):169-173. [Internet]
10. Liu Y, Zhou H, Wang S, Liao T, Zhang L, Yang D. Relationship between nutritional status and breakfast behaviors of rural primary and middle school students in a minority area of a city in Guizhou Province in 2019. [in Chinese] Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2021 Jul;50(4):552-57. [PubMed]
11. Givens DI. MILK Symposium review: The importance of milk and dairy foods in the diets of infants, adolescents, pregnant women, adults, and the elderly. J Dairy Sci. 2020 Nov;103(11):9681-9699. [PubMed]
12. Brettschneider AK, Lage Barbosa C, Haftenberger M, Lehmann F, Mensink GB. Adherence to food-based dietary guidelines among adolescents in Germany according to socioeconomic status and region: results from Eating Study as a KiGGS Module (EsKiMo) II. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Apr;24(6):1216-1228. [PubMed]
13. Rageliene T. Do children favor snacks and dislike vegetables? Exploring children's food preferences using drawing as a projective technique. A cross-cultural study. Appetite. 2021 October 1;165:105276. [PubMed]
14. Popova T. [Childhood health information as a tool for heart health prevention.] [in Bulgarian] Management and education. 2021; 17(5):163-168. [Internet]
15. Flieh SM, Miguel-Berges ML, Gonzalez-Gil EM, Gottrand F, Censi L, Widhalm K. et al. The Association between Portion Sizes from High-Energy-Dense Foods and Body Composition in European Adolescents: The HELENA Study. Nutrients. 2021 March 16;13(3):954. [PubMed]
16. Tariq S, Tariq S, Tariq S, Rehman R. Relationship of BMI with Junk Food, sleep pattern, exam performance and awareness about its ill health effects in healthy teenagers. J Pak Med Assoc. 2021 Jan;71(1(A)):59-63. [PubMed]
17. Kanellopoulou A, Kosti R, Notara V, Antonogeorgos G, Rojas-Gil AP, Kornilaki E et al. Dietary Patterns, Weight Perception and Obesity Status, among 10–12-Year-Old Children; an Epidemiological Study in Greece. Children (Basel) 2021 Jul 23;8(8):626. [PubMed]
18. Rossi L, Ferrari M, Martone D, Benvenuti L, De Santis A. The Promotions of Sustainable Lunch Meals in School Feeding Programs: The Case of Italy. Nutrients. 2021 May 7;13(5):1571. [PubMed].

Received: 10 January 2022
Published online: 15 July 2022

back to Online Journal