head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2022, vol. 28, issue3
Subject Area: Public Health
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022283.4465
Published online: 21 July 2022

Original article
J of IMAB. 2022 Jul-Sep;28(3):4465-4468
Gergana MarkovaORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail,
Department of Nursing Surgical Care, Faculty of Health Care, Medical University of Pleven, Bulgaria.

Purpose: To determine the importance of the nursery for the implementation of health education in early childhood.
Materials and methods:
- Comprehensive medical and social research (2015-2018)
- Sociological methods: documentary, questionnaire and observation
- Participants 533 people in total.
The survey data were processed with STATGRAPHICS statistical software packages; SPSS 19 and EXCEL for Windows. The results are described by tables, graphs and numerical indicators for structure, frequency, averages, correlation coefficients and others.
Results: 83.88% (n = 360) of the parents share that they observe a change in their children from the moment they start attending crèches. There is a significant difference in the habits learned by the children, at the beginning of the observation and at the end (p <0.05; r> 0.7).
Conclusion: The nursery is both an opportunity and a means for better health through the health-educational process that takes place in it. It is a major factor playing an important role in shaping the personality and laying the foundations of its attitude to health.

Keywords: crèches, health education, early childhood,

pdf - Download FULL TEXT /PDF 760 KB/
Please cite this article as: Markova G. The nursery - a leading factor for health education in early childhood. J of IMAB. 2022 Jul-Sep;28(3):4465-4468. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022283.4465

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Gergana Markova, Department of Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Health Care, Medical University – Pleven; 1, Sv. Kliment Ohridski Str., 5800 Pleven, Bulgaria; E-mail: markova_gergana@mail.bg

1. Nursery / Childcare - Word of the day.] [in Bulgarian] EVS-translations.com. 24. 01. 2014. [Internet]
2. Ordinance No: 26 of 18 November 2008 on the structure and activity of nurseries and children's kitchens and the health requirements towards them. [in Bulgarian] Ministry of Health. Published SG No.103 of 2 December 2008. [Internet]
3. Key Data on Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe.  Eurydice Report. European Commission, 2019.     [Internet]  
4. Petrova G. Challenges for the nurse in the process of health promotion. Plovdiv: Marcos; 2020. 134 p. [in Bulgarian]
5. Borisova S. [The new role of the community nurse in the full care of children up to 3 years.] [in Bulgarian] Varna, MU-Varna, 2018. 170 p.
6. Toncheva S, Borisova S. [Health promotion - a challenge for health professionals.] [in Bulgarian] Scientific works of the University of Ruse. Ruse: RU "Angel Kanchev". 2012; 51(8.3):13-19.
7. The first 7. Early childhood development - prospects, challenges and responsibilities. Discussion report. [in Bulgarian] UNICEF, Bulgaria. 2014. [Internet]
8. Britto PR, Lye SJ, Proulx K, Yousafzai AK, Matthews SG, Vaivada T, et al. Nurturing care: promoting early childhood development. Lancet. 2017 Jan 7;389(10064):91-102. [PubMed]
9. Andreev M. The learning process. Didactics. Sofia: UI “St. K. Ohridski ”; 1996. 424 p. [in Bulgarian]
10. Atanasov J. Aesthetic education. In: Theory of Education. Blagoevgrad: Higher Pedagogical Institute "N. Rilski"; 1992. p 156-171. [in Bulgarian]
11. Bordovskaya N, Rean A. Pedagogy. Textbook for universities. St. Petersburg: Peter; 2009.  299 p. [in Russian]
12. Rojas-Ortiz  EC,  Álvarez-Rodríguez V,  León-Suazo HG , Baños-Sánchez A,   Trejo-Morales P, Bernal-Alcántara DA.  Health Education for preschool children in daycare centers. Gac Med Mex. 2019;155(Suppl 1):S28-S34 [PubMed]
13. Trifonova-Atanasova M, Peneva L, Stoyanova Yu, Yancheva I, Yadkova L, Mutafchieva M, et al. Standards for development and learning in early childhood: from birth to three years. [in Bulgarian] Second edition. Sofia: Bulvest print. 2015. 192 p.  [Internet]
14. Mistry K, Minkovitz C, Riley A, Johnson S, Grason H, Dubay L, et al. A New Framework for Childhood Health Promotion: The Role of Policies and Programs in Building Capacity and Foundations of Early Childhood Health. Am J Public Health. 2012 Sep;102(9):1688-96 [PubMed]
15. Terzieva G. Health education. Health culture. Medico-social and pedagogical aspects. First edition. Plovdiv: Lax books; 2013. 158 p. [in Bulgarian].

Received: 29 December 2021
Published online: 21 July 2022

back to Online Journal