head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2022, vol. 28, issue3
Subject Area: Public Health
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022283.4586
Published online: 30 September 2022

Original article
J of IMAB. 2022 Jul-Sep;28(3):4586-4589
Rositza Vasileva1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Anton Georgiev2ORCID logo,
1) Department of Hygiene, Medical Ecology, Occupational Diseases and MBS Sector, Medical University, Pleven, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University, Pleven, Bulgaria.

A survey was conducted of 240 Bulgarian citizens from the Danube region, the Republic of Bulgaria, to study their awareness and readiness for protection and proper behavior in floods. The participants in the study were divided into two age groups: young from 18 to 39 years and mature from 40 to 64 years. The respondents live in two municipalities from the Danube region - a small municipality of Svishtov and a larger municipality of Pleven.
Assessment of the awareness and readiness for proper behavior and protection of the studied group of 240 persons permanently living in the Danube region:
- A small percentage of the two surveyed groups know who organizes and provides assistance to flood victims - 47% of the young and 38% of the mature group.
- The percentage of sirens for early warning of danger is small in both groups of bags - 47% from a young group and 30% from an adult group.
- The two age groups showed in the survey that they are well informed about the main causes of past dangerous floods in the municipalities where they live (65% correct answer in the adult group and 44% correct answer in the young group).
- Below 50% in both groups is the level of awareness about problems related to deforestation, excessive deforestation and long-lasting forest fires.
- Half of 50% of both age groups know in advance where to look for information related to floods or other natural threats.
- There is a large percentage in both groups, 66% mature and 81% young group, who expressed in the survey a desire to increase their own knowledge and to improve and build the right behavior for protection in case of potential flood or another disaster.

Keywords: floods, Danube region, disaster preparedness, correct behavior, flood relief,

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Please cite this article as: Vasileva R, Georgiev G. Study of the awareness and readiness for protection in case of floods of the Bulgarian citizens from the Danube region (Pleven municipality and Svishtov municipality) - Part 1. J of IMAB. 2022 Jul-Sep;28(3):4581-4585. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022283.4581

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Dr. Rositsa Vasileva, MD, Department of Hygiene, Medical Ecology, Occupational Diseases and Emergency Medicine Sector, Medical University – Pleven; 1, Kliment Ohridski Str., office 189, Pleven, Bulgaria; E-mail: dr_rvasileva@abv.bg

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Received: 14 February 2022
Published online: 30 September 2022

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